Contact
For more information, please contact Christian Baresel.
christian.baresel@ivl.se
+46 (0) 8 598 564 06

Oxygen and Phosphor concentrations in water

Oxygen concentrations in water

Figure 3.7 shows oxygen concentrations in the bottom waters (100 meters depth) in Kanholmsfjärden near the WEBAP II pilot during the project. It is noted that relatively soon after the pump been put into continuously operation an oxygenation of bottom waters occurs. However, measurements in adjacent bays with similar bathymetry showed increased oxygen levels in the same period. Therefore, it was concluded that the improved oxygen levels may mainly be explained by the natural inflow of oxygen-rich water, but it cannot be excluded that the pumping also had a positive impact.

Figure. Oxygen concentration (mg/l) June 2010-May 2013in the bottom water in Kanholmsfjärden adjacent to the WEBAP II pilot.

Phosphor concentrations in water

Figure 3.8 shows total phosphorus concentration in the bottom waters (100 meters depth) and surface water (5 m) in Kanholmsfjärden near the WEBAP II pilot during the project period. It is noted that relatively soon after the bottom water gets oxygenated phosphorus concentration decreased from 250 mg/l to about 70 g/l. However, no significant change in phosphorus concentration in the surface water was observed. This  contradicts fears that oxygenation disturb existing stratifications and thus initially lead to increased levels of phosphorus in surface waters as a result of phosphorus-rich bottom water would move to the surface. The ultimate aim of oxygenation is that phosphorus concentrations shall decrease also in surface waters, which would lead to a reduced primary production in the photic zone. 

Figure. Total phosphorus (mg/l) June 2010 - May 2013 in the bottom water (red) and surface water (blue) in Kanholmsfjärden adjacent to the WEBAP II pilot.

The website is administrated by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Insitute Ltd | © IVL